View Photographs of the 1999 Mazda Protegé ES

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Econoboxes aren’t precisely engineered to face out from the gang, however the Mazda Protegé ES does. Rolling into the 1999 mannequin yr with a brand new physique, two new engines, and a greater computerized transmission, the Protegé does not wish to mix in with the Escorts, Sentras, and Cavaliers of the world. With strong driving dynamics and spectacular styling, there’s so much to love on this little Mazda.

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BMW M3 Touring now in Thailand – M3 Competitors wagon with 510 PS, 650 Nm, xDrive; RM1.38 million

BMW M3 Touring now in Thailand – M3 Competition wagon with 510 PS, 650 Nm, xDrive; RM1.38 million

The G81 BMW M3 Touring, the primary ever M3 wagon, is now accessible for order in Thailand. The M3 Touring is available in Competitors type solely, with an eight-speed computerized gearbox and xDrive all-wheel drive. The worth? 10,399,000 baht, which is equal to RM1.376 million.

An M3 wagon is one thing that many fans have yearned for over the a long time, however unusually, BMW has by no means used the M3 recipe on the three Collection Touring. Till 2022, when Munich marked the 50th anniversary of BMW M with this automotive.

Underneath the hood is a the S58 litre twin-turbocharged straight-six with the Competitors spec’s 510 PS at 6,250 rpm and 650 Nm of torque from 2,750 to five,500 rpm. There’s no handbook or pure rear-wheel drive possibility, so it’s an eight-speed computerized gearbox with M xDrive AWD, which will get a rear lively locking differential and a rear-wheel-drive mode if that’s your drift.

BMW M3 Touring now in Thailand – M3 Competition wagon with 510 PS, 650 Nm, xDrive; RM1.38 million

The M3 Touring will get from zero to 100 km/h in simply 3.6 seconds, which is barely a tenth of a second slower than the M3 Sedan and M4 Coupe. The capacious M automotive hits 200 km/h in simply 12.9 seconds and choosing the M Driver’s Bundle raises the electronically-limited prime velocity to 280 km/h.

After all, there have been some chassis work too. The M division took under consideration the wagon’s bigger, heavier physique, and fitted uprated rear dampers to match. The construction itself was strengthened with particular underfloor and boot bracing to take care of torsional stiffness. Adaptive dampers and variable-ratio steering are customary.

The remainder of the M goodies are shared with the sedan and coupe – they embrace 10-step traction management built-in within the ECU, a brake-by-wire system and M Compound disc brakes that cover behind customary 19-inch entrance and 20-inch rear cast alloy wheels. Carbon ceramic brakes and monitor tyres are on the choices record.

BMW M3 Touring now in Thailand – M3 Competition wagon with 510 PS, 650 Nm, xDrive; RM1.38 million

The G21 Three Collection Touring was given the identical design therapy as the opposite M3/M4 variants, which implies a full-height grille, trapezoidal headlights, cut up centre air intakes and vertical air curtain inlets. Muscular fenders, diagonal aspect gills and a closely sculpted bonnet with faux ‘vent’ divots are additionally included.

Nonetheless, not like different M automobiles, the M3 Touring doesn’t get a carbon fibre roof; as an alternative, the steel panel is painted black, though you possibly can specify a body-coloured end along with the door mirrors. On the again, you’ll discover a big rectangular diffuser (with quad tailpipes, optionally accessible in chrome) augmented by a bespoke Gurney flap atop the tailgate spoiler.

Like the outside, the M3 Touring will get the identical inside enhancements because the sedan and coupe. These two bodystyles don’t have the wagon’s 500 litres of boot area although, expandable to 1,510 litres by collapsing the 40:20:40 split-folding rear seats. From conquering the Nordschleife in 7 minutes 35.06 to your native IKEA retailer. Need one? We solely have the booted G80 M3 (RM827,800 with prolonged guarantee and repair) and two-door G82 M4 (RM848,800).

KL-Karak Freeway to be widened with further lanes this yr – works anticipated to be accomplished by 2026

KL-Karak Highway to be widened with additional lanes this year – works expected to be completed by 2026

The works ministry has confirmed elements of the Kuala Lumpur-Karak Expressway (KLK) shall be widened with further lanes starting this yr, NST experiences. This comes after the federal government agreed to the proposal put forth final yr, which included the development of a brand new tunnel at Genting Sempah.

Based on deputy works minister Datuk Seri Abdul Rahman Mohamad, the concessionaire for the KLK, ANIH, is predicted to start works within the third quarter of this yr after the design for the RM2.1 billion challenge is finalised.

“The works ministry has authorized the proposal to widen the KLK which shall be carried out by ANIH Bhd and the challenge is predicted to be accomplished in 2026. The 45.three km stretch between the Gombak toll plaza and the Mempaga intersection (Central Backbone Highway) in Bentong shall be widened,” stated Abdul Rahman.

Intimately, the stretch between the Gombak toll plaza and Bukit Tinggi shall be widened from the present three lanes to 4 lanes on either side, whereas the 2 lanes between Bukit Tinggi and the Bentong toll plaza shall be expanded to 3 lanes.

KL-Karak Highway to be widened with additional lanes this year – works expected to be completed by 2026

As for the brand new tunnel at Genting Sempah, will probably be constructed subsequent to the eastbound tunnel from Pahang and have two lanes. The job scope may also embody new avenue lights be put in alongside the freeway.

Abdul Rahman stated these initiatives are supposed to make the KLK extra snug, quick and environment friendly for highway customers, in addition to addressing the problem of congestion, particularly throughout festive seasons, public holidays and weekends.

“The ministry is conscious of the complaints by the individuals who must spend lengthy hours on the highway to return to their respective hometowns throughout the festive season. Extreme site visitors congestion typically happens throughout peak hours main as much as festivals, public holidays and weekends. With the intention to present comfort to the general public, particularly motorists who regularly use the stretch, the federal government sees the highway widening works as an effort to offer consolation to the individuals sooner or later,” he stated.

Legacy EV Facility Tour with the President

We’re taking you on a particular tour of Legacy EV’s facility in Tempe, Arizona. Cofounded by Mavrick Knoles, Legacy EV is your one-stop aftermarket EV conversion supplier so that you can (gasp!) electrify your ICE car. Legacy EV will information you alongside the best way with EV kits, parts and construct assist, the latter which features a community of approved installers to help in your conversion wants — even for fleet conversions! Wish to change into an authorized tech? Legacy EV has a program for that too. 

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Need extra cool interviews and behind-the-scenes excursions? Be certain that to subscribe to ClassicCarsTV on YouTube!

Rivian R2 teased, Tank Flip shelved

Rivian on Friday offered the primary tease of its R2, a smaller follow-up to the automaker’s R1T electrical pickup and R1S electrical SUV due in 2026.

CEO RJ Scaringe and design boss Jeff Hammoud confirmed a clay mannequin of the R2 below a sheet throughout an Instagram query and reply session with Scaringe. Content material from the Q&A was posted to Instagram Tales, which disappear after 24 hours until the content material is reshaped elsewhere. We grabbed a screenshot in case that does not occur.

The lined clay mannequin has the identical boxy profile because the R1S SUV, but it surely seems to be a bit smaller. That strains up with earlier stories, which point out a smaller mannequin that carries over the R1S styling, however in a smaller bundle nearer to the present Jeep Grand Cherokee in dimension.

2022 Rivian R1S

2022 Rivian R1S

The R2 is anticipated to be a higher-volume mannequin with a decrease base worth than the R1 fashions, which presently begin at $79,000 and $84,000 (earlier than vacation spot) for the R1T and R1S, respectively. Scaringe earlier this 12 months mentioned Rivian is simplifying meeting and elements sourcing for the R2, which ought to assist preserve prices down. Rivian initially deliberate to launch the R2 in 2025, however final 12 months it introduced that the launch will probably be delayed till 2026.

The R2 is anticipated to be constructed at Rivian’s new Georgia manufacturing unit to complement its present Illinois manufacturing unit, which is a repurposed facility beforehand utilized by Mitsubishi. Positioned east of Atlanta, the $5 billion Georgia plant was resulting from begin building this 12 months, with the primary autos rolling off manufacturing strains in 2024, but it surely’s unclear if the lack of tax breaks from the state authorities will have an effect on that timeline.

Rivian has additionally indicated plans for smaller EVs concentrating on China and Europe, but it surely’s unclear if that refers back to the R2 or different future fashions. Rivian in 2021 trademarked a number of names, giving it management of R1S to R5S and R1T to R5T.

Rivian R1T pre-production

Rivian R1T pre-production

In the identical Q&A, Scaringe additionally addressed the shortage of the Tank Flip characteristic in present manufacturing Rivian autos. Rivian first confirmed the characteristic, which permits a quad-motor R1T or R1S to show in place like a tank, in 2019. A patent utility for a seemingly associated “Okay-turn mode” surfaced in 2021. However the Tank Flip characteristic has now been shelved, Scaringe confirmed, as a result of it would not match with Rivian’s ethos.

“Over the past 12 months and a half we have arrived on the view that it is a characteristic that, whereas we are able to do it, it is so simply abused and so laborious to ensure we do not tear up trails and actually do issues which are in distinction to what we stand for as an organization,” Scaringe mentioned.

2023 Cadillac Lyriq


Cadillac’s first entrant into the posh electrical car market is the Lyriq SUV, which gives sharp styling and a contemporary cabin. Each single-motor rear-wheel drive and dual-motor all-wheel drive fashions will likely be supplied, the previous providing as much as 312 miles of vary per cost. The Lyriq has been designed from the bottom as much as journey on Common Motors’ new scalable battery structure which permits for DC quick charging in addition to commonplace in-home connections for refilling the battery. As an alternative of going for outright efficiency, the Lyriq’s street manners are extra targeted on consolation, quietness, and luxurious. The cabin is tastefully designed and spacious for passengers, however the Lyriq’s cargo house is not as beneficiant as rival SUVs.

preview for Cadillac Lyriq Buyer's Guide

What’s New for 2023?

Not solely is Lyriq a brand-new nameplate for the American luxurious model, but it surely’s additionally Cadillac’s first all-electric providing. It is meant to go face to face with heavy hitters such because the Audi e-tron, Jaguar I-Tempo, and Tesla Mannequin X.

Pricing and Which One to Purchase

The Lyriq’s base value —a lovely $59,990—is for the single-motor Debut Version mannequin which comes with restricted choices. That mannequin is offered out anyway, so as a substitute we might suggest springing for the 500-hp Twin Motor AWD mannequin which additionally boasts a 3500-pound towing capability.

EV Motor, Energy, and Efficiency

The Lyriq comes commonplace in rear-wheel drive type with a 340-hp electrical motor on the rear axle. With this entry-level setup, acceleration is satisfactory and the Lyriq feels responsive, but it surely lacks the highly effective feeling we take pleasure in in rival SUVs such because the BMW iX and the Mannequin X. At our check observe, the rear-wheel drive Lyriq made it to 60 mph in 5.7 seconds, which is pretty fast by mid-size SUV requirements, however behind that of EV rivals. A 500-hp dual-motor all-wheel drive powertrain is non-obligatory and provides a second motor on the entrance to drive these wheels. At our check observe, the all-wheel drive Lyriq made it to 60 mph in 4.6 seconds. The Lyriq’s street manners will likely be a let-down to fanatic drivers. Whereas its dealing with feels secure and competent, the Lyriq would not ship a lot enjoyable when pressed exhausting. Its steering is properly weighted however lacks tactility and the identical may very well be stated of the brake pedal. Fortunately, Cadillac has engineered an aggressive regenerative braking system that enables for one-pedal driving, so merely lifting off the accelerator pedal slows the car rapidly sufficient to keep away from touching the brake pedal in most day-to-day driving situations. The journey is comfy over clean pavement however some might discover the suspension to be a bit too agency over rougher stretches of street.

Vary, Charging, and Battery Life

Common Motors is launching a line of recent EV battery know-how with the Lyriq referred to as Ultium. The scalable know-how permits the automaker to provide batteries that vary in measurement from 50.Zero kWh to 200 kWh, though the biggest measurement is alleged to be reserved just for massive EV pickup vans such because the GMC Hummer EV SUT. The Lyriq’s battery gives 102.0-kWh value of capability and gives an estimated driving vary of as much as 312 miles per cost within the single-motor mannequin. In our freeway vary check, the rear-wheel drive Lyriq offered 270 miles of driving earlier than needing to be recharged; the all-wheel drive went for under 220 miles in the identical check. Talking of charging, DC quick charging functionality is commonplace on all fashions and the Lyriq can be capable of cost on dwelling energy retailers as nicely.

Gas Financial system and Actual-World MPGe

The EPA estimates that the rear-wheel drive Lyriq is sweet for 92 MPGe metropolis and 82 MPGe freeway. All-wheel drive drops each of these numbers by 1 MPGe. In our admittedly lead-footed palms, we recorded 72 MPGe in blended driving with the rear-wheel drive mannequin however acquired 77 MPGe with the all-wheel drive one. For extra details about the Lyriq’s gasoline economic system, go to the EPA’s web site.

Inside, Consolation, and Cargo

A rich-looking inside therapy offers the Lyriq an upscale aptitude. Metallic brightwork is intermingled with open-pore wooden on the door panels and heart console. A big storage tray on the ground between the driving force and entrance passenger is lined with brilliant blue leather-based upholstery, which serves as a cheeky pop of colour. Though the idea car was proven with simply 4 seats and a middle console that divides the 2 entrance and two rear seats, with a touchscreen for the rear seat passengers, the manufacturing Lyriq has adopted a extra conventional rear bench seat. The absence of a gasoline engine definitely helps create a quiet cabin, however the Lyriq additionally employs superior noise cancellation know-how to cut back street noise. The inside is spacious however the cargo room is not as beneficiant as in different SUVs and Cadillac hasn’t built-in any storage below the hood.

Infotainment and Connectivity

The Lyriq’s dashboard, just like the Escalade’s, is dominated by a large, 33.0-inch curved superior LED touchscreen that serves as each the SUV’s infotainment system and the driving force’s gauge show. The infotainment system will also be managed by a click on wheel on the middle console, a boon for drivers who aren’t keen on touchscreens. Apple CarPlay, Android Auto, and a Wi-Fi hotspot are all commonplace options. A rich-sounding 19-speaker stereo system from the high-end audio specialists at AKG comes on all fashions.

Security and Driver-Help Options

Cadillac endows the Lyriq with driver-assistance options as commonplace the model’s Tremendous Cruise hands-free driving system requires a subscription. For extra details about the Lyriq’s crash-test outcomes, go to the Nationwide Freeway Visitors Security Administration (NHTSA) and Insurance coverage Institute for Freeway Security (IIHS) web sites. Key security options are prone to embrace:

  • Commonplace automated emergency braking with pedestrian detection
  • Commonplace lane-departure warning with lane-keeping help
  • Commonplace adaptive cruise management

Guarantee and Upkeep Protection

Just like the equally sized Cadillac XT5 and XT6 SUVs, the Lyriq comes with a powertrain guarantee that trumps that of different premium individuals haulers. Cadillac presently covers the primary vendor upkeep go to, however rivals such because the I-Tempo supply longer durations of free upkeep.

  • Restricted guarantee covers Four years or 50,000 miles
  • Powertrain guarantee covers 6 years or 70,000 miles
  • Complimentary upkeep is roofed the primary go to
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2023 Cadillac Lyriq 450E Debut Version
Car Sort: mid-motor, rear-wheel-drive, 5-passenger, 4-door wagon


Base/As Examined: $62,990/$62,990
Choices: none


Motor: permanent-magnet synchronous AC
Energy: 340 hp
Torque: 325 lb-ft
Battery Pack: liquid-cooled lithium-ion, 102.Zero kWh
Onboard Charger: 19.2 kW
Transmission: direct-drive


Suspension, F/R: multilink/multilink
Brakes, F: 12.6-in vented disc; R: 13.6-in vented disc
Tires: Michelin Primacy All-Season
265/50R-20 107H M+S TPC

Wheelbase: 121.eight in
Size: 196.7 in
Width: 77.eight in
Top: 63.9 in
Passenger Quantity: 107 ft3
Cargo Quantity: 28 ft3
Curb Weight: 5642 lb


60 mph: 5.7 sec
1/4-Mile: 14.Three sec @ 99 mph
100 mph: 14.7 sec
130 mph: 18.Three sec
Outcomes above omit 1-ft rollout of 0.Three sec.
Rolling Begin, 5–60 mph: 6.1 sec
High Gear, 30–50 mph: 2.Three sec
High Gear, 50–70 mph: 3.2 sec
High Pace (gov ltd): 118 mph
Braking, 70–Zero mph: 191 ft
Braking, 100–Zero mph: 387 ft
Roadholding, 300-ft Skidpad: 0.80 g


Noticed: 72 MPGe
75-mph Freeway Vary: 270 mi


Mixed/Metropolis/Freeway: 89/97/82 MPGe


2023 Cadillac Lyriq Luxurious AWD
Car Sort: front- and rear-motor, all-wheel-drive, 5-passenger, 4-door wagon


Base/As Examined: $64,990/$65,615


Entrance Motor: permanent-magnet synchronous AC; Rear Motor: permanent-magnet synchronous AC
Mixed Energy: 500 hp; Mixed Torque: 450 lb-ft; Battery Pack: liquid-cooled lithium-ion, 102.Zero kWh; Onboard Charger: 11.5 kW; Transmissions, F/R: direct-drive


Suspension, F/R: multilink/multilink
Brakes, F/R: 12.6-in vented disc/13.6-in vented disc
Tires: Michelin Primacy All-Season
265/50R-20 107H M+S TPC Spec 3184MS self-seal

Wheelbase: 121.eight in
Size: 196.7 in
Width: 77.eight in
Top: 63.9 in
Passenger Quantity, F/R: 58/51 ft3
Cargo Quantity, Behind F/R: 61/28 ft3
Curb Weight: 5838 lb


60 mph: 4.6 sec
100 mph: 10.2 sec
1/4-Mile: 12.9 sec @ 113 mph
130 mph: 17.9 sec
Outcomes above omit 1-ft rollout of 0.Three sec.
Rolling Begin, 5–60 mph: 4.7 sec
High Gear, 30–50 mph: 1.9 sec
High Gear, 50–70 mph: 2.2 sec
High Pace (gov ltd): 132 mph
Braking, 70–Zero mph: 182 ft
Braking, 100–Zero mph: 396 ft
Roadholding, 300-ft Skidpad: 0.82 g


Noticed: 77 MPGe
75-mph Freeway Driving: 74 MPGe
75-mph Freeway Vary: 220 mi


Mixed/Metropolis/Freeway: 89/96/81 MPGe
Vary: 307 mi

Extra Options and Specs

AutoHunter Highlight: 1969 Oldsmobile Toronado

Featured on AutoHunter, the web public sale platform pushed by, is that this unrestored, one-owner 1969 Oldsmobile Toronado. The unique Topaz metallic paint is complemented by an Vintage Parchment inside. This unmolested front-wheel drive personal-luxury coupe is powered by a 455 Rocket V8 paired with a three-speed Turbo-Hydramatic transmission. Options embrace energy brakes and steering, air con, inside woodgrain trim, energy bench seat, and newer tires. Whenever you win the public sale for this Toronado, you’ll additionally obtain classic blue California plates as seen within the footage, Defend-O-Plate, proprietor’s guide, registration, service information, and different documentation, and a transparent title.

When the Toronado was first launched for 1966, it was like nothing else available in the market. Positive, maybe the Buick Riviera gave the impression to be the same automobile, however the Toronado was distinct as a result of its front-wheel drive format. As Oldsmobile was often called the experimental division inside Normal Motors, it was solely pure that the division that invented the automated transmission, and pioneered high-compression and turbocharged engines would produce the Toronado.

A heavy facelift adopted in 1968, the 12 months the 425 Rocket V8 was stroked to 455ci. Customary was 375 horsepower and 510 lb-ft of torque, with an non-compulsory 400-horsepower W34 package deal that included a force-air induction system (a snorkel system much like that for the 4-4-2 W30 however tucked behind the entrance finish). For 1969, probably the most noticeable change was the trunklid design and a brand new grille, plus there was an progressive electrically heated rear window that was new on the choice checklist. Engines remained the identical, although the W34 misplaced its air-induction system.

The physique on this Toronado is rust-free and straight. Options embrace a guide distant left-side mirror. Take a peek out again and you might discover the one exhaust, which implies this FWD Rocket is supplied with the usual 375-horse engine. Metal 15-inch wheels with full wheelcovers are wrapped in newer 225/75 Hankook whitewall tires.

The Vintage Parchment inside consists of a full bench seat with head restraints, which have been mandated by federal regulation on January 1, 1969. Facilities embrace air con, six-way energy seat adjuster, and authentic push-button AM radio

Toronados of this classic function a nifty barrel-style, 130-mph speedometer. Apart of fool lights for temperature, oil strain, and alternator, there’s a gasoline gauge and a clock. The five-digit odometer reads 53,623 miles, which the promoting vendor believes to be authentic.

The 455 Rocket V8 is fed by way of a four-barrel carburetor, with energy transferred to the entrance wheels by way of a particular M41 three-speed automated transaxle.

The Toronado got here customary with four-wheel drums with energy assists.

A full inspection has been carried out by the promoting vendor. A walk-around video has been offered on the public sale web page displaying the outside, inside, and driving dynamics. The sale consists of the Defend-O-Plate, documentation, registration information, service information, and proprietor’s manuals.

By the point this Toronado was constructed, it had been joined by the Cadillac Eldorado, one other front-wheel drive personal-luxury coupe. Nonetheless, the Toronado was the unique and, talking of authentic, it’s not straightforward to seek out one with authentic steel and paint. Whenever you drive this 1969 Oldsmobile Toronado, folks will discover your large grin and know you’re somebody who overcomes all challenges, similar to this mighty FWD automobile. Your likelihood to make that impression ends on Tuesday, Might 30, 2023, at 2:30 p.m. (PDT)

Go to the AutoHunter itemizing for extra info and photograph gallery

Fuel and Electrical Fashions Generally Look the Identical—Till You Look Inside

From the June 2023 situation of Automobile and Driver.

When Maserati unveiled its good-looking second-generation GranTurismo coupe, our preliminary response was a bit muted, even muddled. “Is that new?” we requested of the stunning however acquainted design. This sense of confoundment grew after we found that the automaker would provide this precise automobile—a long-hood, short-deck GT with a standard profile—in two disparate powertrain configurations. Consumers can tour grandly in a coupe with a twin-turbo V-6 internal-combustion engine or in a battery-electric automobile, however you won’t guess from the surface that the insides are completely different.

Maserati design head Klaus Busse says a want to keep up the standard design and dynamic sensibilities for which the trident model is understood dictated this transfer. “We are able to hold the low silhouette of the automotive as a result of we’re not placing something below the entrance seats,” he says of the choice relating to placement of electrical parts. In contrast to many opponents that incorporate a height-raising battery pack within the floor, Maserati’s uniquely formed pack occupies the engine compartment, the transmission tunnel, and a few house behind the rear seats.

The association is not only for aesthetics. “When you have got the batteries beneath the seats all the way in which outboard, then the automotive tends to understeer as a result of you have got all these gravitational forces of the batteries,” Busse says. “By maintaining the batteries central, you keep away from these gravitational forces, and also you keep away from understeer.”


Meeting traces are in a time of flux. The long run seems to be electrical, however corporations are easing the transition by constructing each internal-combustion machines and EVs.


Although the model plans to go all-electric by 2030 and can finally introduce BEV-only designs, the twin powertrain choices will proceed by way of this decade. Maserati will electrify its Grecale SUV in the identical style.

A number of Powertrains, One Car

Maserati is not alone on this technique. After introducing the wildly styled i3 for 2014 and seemingly planning a rollout of separate electrical autos from its i subbrand, BMW has shifted course. Whereas it nonetheless reserves the proper to launch the occasional one-off devoted battery-electric mannequin, just like the radically styled and bedazzled iX, its core plan is to proceed to create autos—such because the 4-series Gran Coupe and the 7-series luxurious sedan [see “Green Is Good,” page 48]—that may accommodate a battery-electric, a plug-in-hybrid, or an internal-combustion powertrain.

“The transformation to electrification, we consider, does not go from at some point to the opposite,” says Domagoj Dukec, BMW’s head of design. The model needs to make sure clients are satisfied with each ICE and BEV choices, he provides.

“For us, the one promise is that BMW driving character will all the time be extremely dynamic,” Dukec says. “It does not matter if it is diesel or gasoline; it does not matter if it is a plug-in hybrid—it is going to be dynamic. And if it is electrical, it’s going to even be dynamic.” This flexible technique permits BMW to answer shifting market wants and rules by producing extra or fewer of any powertrain in response to demand. “The winner will in all probability be the one who can adapt to this unpredictability,” he says.

mercedes benz


Land Rover appears to be following an analogous path. When it revealed the current-gen Vary Rover for 2022, the corporate introduced that this luxury off-roader—together with five different members of the Land Rover household—could be supplied with a standard combustion engine, as a plug-in hybrid, or with an EV powertrain, although not all of the electrified choices have appeared within the U.S. but.

Automakers Making Full Shift to Electrical

Land Rover stablemate Jaguar, an early adopter of BEV know-how with the 2019 I-Pace, is taking a distinct tack. It plans to transition to a totally electrical lineup this decade, introducing a variety of all-new electrical merchandise, starting with upscale SUVs.

Volvo, too, goes all in. The model has ceased growth of recent internal-combustion powertrains and is dedicated to full electrification by 2030, changing its current fashions with battery-electric variations. This course of begins with the electrical 2024 EX90, which is able to finally exchange the XC90. “Volvo has by no means been a producer recognized predominantly for engines,” says Owen Prepared, the corporate’s head of strategic and model design. “This positions us effectively for this transition.”

Maybe extra stunning, Cadillac can be taking this route. It introduced that the just lately revised Escalade is its final ICE automobile line—and has simply revealed the EV successor, the 2025 Escalade IQ. Shifting ahead, all future Caddys might be electrical, just like the just-released Lyriq SUV and Celestiq flagship sedan.



Mercedes Following Separate Paths

Luxurious juggernaut Mercedes is taking a distinct street throughout this transitional decade—or moderately, two roads. Alongside its intensive vary of ICE fashions, Benz is growing a full lineup of parallel BEVs. The S-class and E-class sedans have electrical doppelgängers within the EQS and EQE sedans, however these are constructed on their very own platform. “Objective structure deserves a goal,” says Robert Lesnik, the model’s head of exterior design, talking of the differentiation between the standard three-box configuration of Benz’s conventional automobiles and the arcing bow form of its electrical ones. “Meaning from the surface, you are in a position to see that this isn’t only a typical or recognized automotive.”

Mass-market manufacturers similar to Honda and Kia are following an analogous tactic. Honda plans for its electrified mid-size Prologue SUV and small reasonably priced EVs (all collectively developed with GM) to coexist with the Pilot and Civic. Kia launched the electrical two-row EV6 and three-row EV9 alongside the same Seltos and Telluride. Each manufacturers might proceed producing autos with tailpipes past 2030.

For Mercedes, the parallel monitor will final solely by way of the 2020s, or one automobile technology, after which the model plans to shift to a completely electrical lineup. “Like a zipper in your jacket. Whenever you open it up, the 2 sides unfold,” Lesnik explains. “And by the top of the last decade—the life cycle of 1 automotive—every thing might be electrical, and the zipper comes collectively once more.”

Headshot of Brett Berk

Contributing Editor

Brett Berk (he/him) is a former preschool instructor and early childhood middle director who spent a decade as a youth and household researcher and now covers the matters of youngsters and the auto trade for publications together with CNN, the New York Instances, In style Mechanics and extra. He has printed a parenting e-book, The Homosexual Uncle’s Information to Parenting, and since 2008 has pushed and reviewed 1000’s of automobiles for Automobile and Driver and Street & Observe, the place he’s contributing editor. He has additionally written for Architectural Digest, Billboard, ELLE Decor, Esquire, GQ, Journey + Leisure and Self-importance Truthful.   

The most effective brake pads of 2023

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Brake pads are one of the essential components of your automobile. They work by creating friction whereas urgent towards the brake rotors to decelerate your automobile. They put on over time, so to make sure your security on the street it’s greatest to switch them earlier than they go unhealthy. Dealerships will attempt to cost you some huge cash to switch them, however there are cheaper alternate options on-line. Listed below are the perfect brake pads obtainable on-line — costs range relying on the make, mannequin and 12 months of your automobile

$78.49 at Amazon

Key Options

  • Thermal scorched pad floor
  • Premium chrome steel shims
  • No brake noise
  • Contains brake grease and metal {hardware} equipment
  • Low brake mud buildup
  • Not advisable for observe use

The Energy Cease Entrance Excessive Efficiency Carbon-Ceramic Brake Pads are nice for muscle vehicles. They’ve a thermal scorched pad floor for a quick break-in interval and chamfered slots to restrict brake noise.  The upgraded powder coat backing plate resists corrosion and rust. These brake pads additionally include brake grease and a stainless-steel {hardware} equipment.

$115.89 at Amazon

Key Options

  • Ferro-carbon formulation
  • Light on the rotors
  • Low noise
  • Larger-resistance to brake fading
  • Much less brake mud

These Hawk Efficiency brake pads are made with a ferro-carbon formulation. They’re constructed with a excessive efficiency avenue brake compound that will increase stopping energy and has the next resistance to brake fading. They’re nearly noise-free and are light on the brake rotors. They provide excessive friction in cold and hot circumstances. 

$45.66 at Amazon

Key Options

  • Premium noise-dampening shims
  • Integrally molded
  • Stamped backing plate
  • Appropriate with most makes and fashions

These ACDelco Gold Semi-Metallic brake pads are integrally molded with friction materials on the backing plate for additional bond integrity. The stamped backing plate makes it simpler to maneuver the pad throughout the caliber meeting and reduces noise, brake vibrations and put on. These brake pads are backed by Normal Motors however appropriate for automobiles from different producers as properly.

$31.88 at Amazon

Key Options

  • Reduces noise and vibration
  • Excessive-quality chrome steel
  • Balanced friction
  • OE fashion lubricant included
  • Appropriate with all automobile varieties

These Wagner Brake pads are formulated to go well with the distinctive necessities of every automobile utility. They characteristic a zero-copper friction formulation that can present excessive efficiency all through the lifetime of the pad. This product contains OE fashion lubricant and stainless-steel {hardware}.

$27.41 at Amazon

Key Options

  • Superior ceramic friction formulation
  • Rubber-core multilayer shim
  • Elevated energy and noise insulation
  • Protecting switch layer
  • Powder-coated backing plate
  • Features a pre-installed put on indicator

Bosch makes use of a sophisticated ceramic friction formulation that includes the identical aluminum-based alloy utilized in aerospace engineering. The rubber core shims improve stopping energy, lower noise and resist corrosion. The protecting switch layer will increase sturdiness whereas prolonging the longevity of the pads and rotors.

$59.00 at Tire Rack

Key Options

  • Thermal-scorched pad floor
  • Brake mud discount
  • Minimizes braking distance
  • Multilayer ESE
  • Further noise dampening
  • Appropriate with a variety of automobiles

Brembo brake pads could be discovered on many high-performance automobiles, however they are often appropriate for normal automobiles as properly. Every brake pad is thermally-scorched with a purpose to reduce fading. The Multilayer ESE (Elastomer – Metal – Elastomer) purple shim dampens noise and vibrations. The backing plate gives further brake noise discount whereas performing as a warmth protect to cut back warmth switch to the calipers.

How typically ought to brake pads get replaced?

In line with Bridgestone Tire, brake pads can final 30,000 to 35,000 miles from metropolis driving. They might last as long as 80,000 miles or extra from largely freeway driving. In case you take your automobile to the observe, they might should be changed typically.

Are ceramic brake pads higher than semi-metallic?

Ceramic brakes last more than semi-metallic brakes on common. Ceramics are additionally higher at limiting noise and require much less upkeep.

Ceramic vs carbon-ceramic brakes

Carbon-ceramic brake pads are the perfect brake pads for observe use. They provide probably the most friction, stopping energy and have the shortest braking distance. Ceramic brakes are greatest for every day driving. They will carry out properly at low temperatures whereas carbon ceramics could battle. Ceramic brakes are fairly quiet whereas carbon ceramic brakes are likely to squeak typically when slowing down.

Extra prime picks

Stellantis and Ferrari boss is pitted towards his personal mom in Agnelli inheritance drama

MILAN, Italy — A court docket in Turin is ready to rule within the coming weeks on an inheritance dispute dividing the Agnelli household, the founders of the Fiat automobile firm and arguably one of the best recognized of Italy’s enterprise dynasties.

The case stems from the property of Gianni Agnelli, the celebrated Fiat boss who was an emblem of Italy’s post-war financial growth and who died 20 years in the past.

It pits Agnelli’s daughter Margherita, who inherited 1.2 billion euros ($1.three billion), towards three of her eight youngsters together with her eldest, John Elkann, the chairman of Ferrari and carmaker Stellantis.

Within the dispute that has riven one in every of Italy’s elite households, Margherita is combating to overturn agreements she signed after her father’s demise with the intention to ultimately profit her 5 youngsters from a second marriage, sources near her say.

Ought to the Turin court docket resolve in her favor, Margherita, who’s 67 and Gianni Agnelli’s solely surviving little one, may stake a declare to half of her late mom’s property and a share within the Elkann household enterprise.

The middle of the dispute

The dispute has its origins in an inheritance deal referred to as the “Geneva pacts” that Margherita, an artist and philanthropist, signed in 2004 after the demise of her father the earlier yr and agreed to when Fiat was getting ready to chapter.

Below the primary pact, Margherita obtained property, artworks and different liquid belongings from Gianni’s property and renounced any future affect within the Dicembre (December) firm, a key a part of the possession construction of Exor, the Agnelli-family holding.

The pacts cemented John Elkann’s place as Gianni Agnelli’s chosen successor and successfully took his mom Margherita out of the equation.

John Elkann, 47, now leads Exor, which owns slices of prestigious companies and types together with nationwide newspapers and the soccer membership Juventus.

The second pact lined what would occur to the property of Margherita’s mom Marella, who died in 2019 aged 91.

Marella handed her Dicembre stake to a few of her grandchildren, John, his brother Lapo and sister Ginevra, from Margherita’s first marriage to journalist Alain Elkann.

Margherita needs the pacts to be rescinded to have the ability to give her youngsters with second husband Serge De Pahlen, a Franco-Russian former Fiat government, a share of their grandmother’s property, sources near her say.

Margherita additionally argues that undeclared wealth belonging to her father was found after his demise and that she is entitled to a share of this together with different relations.

A supply on Margherita’s facet dismissed ideas that the preliminary settlement lined the potential for further hidden belongings being discovered from Gianni Agnelli’s property.

Switzerland or Italy?

Marella’s demise prompted the authorized declare that’s on the heart of the case that opened three years in the past in Turin, the house of Fiat and conventional base for the Agnelli clan.

It’s the newest in a sequence of court docket battles over the inheritance, unfold between Switzerland and Italy over the previous 15 years.

Margherita’s legal professionals in Turin argue that the “Geneva pacts” needs to be declared null and void as a result of they had been signed on the premise that Marella’s residence was in Switzerland, which they dispute. Italian legislation prohibits such inheritance pacts.

Paperwork filed by Margherita’s legal professionals with the court docket of Turin, which have been reviewed by Reuters and embody stories by personal investigators, declare that from 2003 to 2019 Marella by no means spent greater than 4 months a yr in Switzerland and mustn’t have certified as a Swiss resident.

Sources near the Elkann camp keep that each the Swiss and the Italian authorities confirmed Marella Agnelli’s standing as a Swiss resident when she died in 2019 and likewise in 2004 when the inheritance settlement was signed.

The supply on Margherita’s facet disputes that interpretation.

Shares within the agency

Following Marella’s demise, John Elkann has a 60% share of the Dicembre holding whereas brother Lapo and sister Ginevra every have 20%. Dicembre is on the coronary heart of an internet of corporations spanning the huge Agnelli household investments.

It’s the largest shareholder, with a 38% stake, in Giovanni Agnelli BV, which teams round 100 shareholders representing round 200 dwelling descendants of authentic Fiat founder Giovanni Agnelli.

Giovanni Agnelli BV in flip has a 53% controlling stake in listed Exor, which owns stakes in Stellantis, Ferrari and Juventus.

The sources near the Elkanns keep there isn’t a authorized end result that may reverse the switch of the shares in Dicembre to the Elkanns. The claims of Margherita search to acquire unwarranted additional monetary benefit, they are saying.

A verdict is due in Turin earlier than the summer time break but it surely won’t be an finish to an affair that has left Margherita estranged from her first three youngsters.

The Italian judges have the choice of suspending judgment pending a ruling from a Swiss court docket in a parallel case on the legality of the Geneva pacts.